Mr Logic Posted April 8, 2009 Share Posted April 8, 2009 Ancient Mysteries #1: Machu Picchu The academic consensus dates early construction of Machu Picchu to around 1430 AD and has the inhabitants dying from small pox – “Smallpox devastated the Machu Picchu before the conqueror of the Inca, the Spaniard Francisco Pizarro, arrived.” – despite the fact that smallpox was usually brought with the Europeans. Of course Cortéz had been busy conquering the Aztec some 12 years earlier, so it’s not an impossible scenario, albeit some 2600 miles distant. I don’t have too much issue with what caused the death/disappearance of the the inhabitants of Machu Picchu but rather the supposed date for construction. I tend to be very wary of academic consensus, after all Wikipedia is composed almost entirely of such information. It’s the safe option, one that requires little research. Just look up two or three different reference works and if they all agree - copy them. Unfortunately that is probably the same method the reference sources used to get their ‘facts’ in the first place. Another thing to note with academic consensus is that it can be a very dangerous thing to come up with alternative theories, so many ‘experts’ are going to look stupid if some new theory proves correct, character assassinations can be carried out with vicious swiftness. Jose de Acosta was a theologian, a Jesuit missionary, and a scholar. Unlike many of his contemporaries he had a genuine interest in other cultures and rather than rape, pillage and murder the natives of a new region he set about trying to find out as much about them as he could. His Natural and Moral History of the Indies 1590 is a wealthy repository of knowledge. One thing of note is that all the indigenous peoples of Sth America had a ‘flood myth’, that a deluge was visited upon the world. Now I mention this as a means of demonstrating that South America had people dating into antiquity, assuming we accept that the ‘flood myth’ of the bible was from antiquity and referred to the same event, and also that these stories existed in their culture prior to the invasion of European influences. European explorers, and indeed the people of Europe generally, referred to indigenous peoples as savages. They were never credited with any abilities, always deemed to be ignorant – little better than animals. It must have made the Europeans of that age feel better about themselves. They were superior. As a result of this attitude whenever anything was discovered that would imply skill or knowledge on the part of these ‘savages’ one had to develop a ‘blind spot’ – it had to be ignored as it didn’t fit with the accepted picture. So, back to Machu Picchu, construction started around 1430 and less than 100 years later it was empty and abandoned. Francisco Pizarro was rampaging around the region beheading Inca chiefs and gathering up gold by the shipload though he never actually discovered Machu Picchu. The construction appears to have three distinct phases. The most recent is rebuilding work following an earthquake. Possibly earlier quakes resulted in earlier rebuildings accounting for stage 2, or perhaps another people lived in the city between the mid 1500’s and 1911 when Hiram Bingham was led to the area. Phase 1 building though, the original stonework, is amazing for its craftsmanship and construction techniques. It is odd that the oldest layers of Machu Picchu are the most refined and have stood the test of time even better than phase 2 rebuilding. After all these people were just savages. Construction techniques improve over time, don’t they? There is one stone, among many similar, that measures 12’ x 5’ x 5’, the average density of granite is 2.65g/cm3 making the block weigh about 22 tonnes. Cut with such precision, with angled joints, and the surrounding stones cut to match, butting so closely no gap is apparent. Walls built in such a fashion tend to increase in strength during mild quakes, they vibrate in to each other, attempting to become tighter. They are engineered to an infinitely higher standard than any subsequent building work. There are some dissenting voices, to me they are the voice of reason in a babble of confusion. Some put the more likely dates of construction at around 2500 BC. But of course that’s clearly insane, if the people of the region were ignorant savages in the 1500’s they must have been positive Neanderthals way back in 2500 BC! However there are some other buildings in the world reputedly built around this period. The Great Pyramids, and they also have precision built stonework of immense size. So maybe it is not so mad an idea after all. It doesn’t fit with academic consensus though but then neither does the relief carvings of toxodon in Basalt stone columns in Tiahuanaco, an animal that became extinct around 12000 BC. http://www.docbert.org/MP/ (1.5 Gigapixel, zoom right in on various places for examples of original stonework. Mortarless joints, very smooth finish as example below.) http://i43.tinypic.com/2vv172u.jpg Constructed by ignorant savages in 1430? Link to post Share on other sites More sharing options...
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